Back to top


-the method developed by Alfred Korzybaski (1993) to move beyond Aristotelian, binary thinking (i.e. a thing is or is not, - the so-called principle of the excluded third). Korzybski insists on the difference between experience (which has a multi-valued polysemous orientation) and language, (which has a two-valued orientation): the word is not the thing, 'the map is not the territory'. Perls and Goodman both collaborated at length with Korzybski.

Definition excerpted with permission from Ginger, Serge International Glossary of Gestalt Psychotherapy (Seven languages including English. Order from FORGE at 183 rue Lecourbe; 75015 Paris, France) Paperback 1995.