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A set of ideas that can be called postmodern but that, following Michel Foucault, critically examine structuralist concepts of truth, reality, self, and culture. This way of thinking rejects the idea that power is centralized in the major stuctures of society. It also rejects the idea of social structures as natural or given. Instead, power is understood as diffused throughout society as a result of the function of discourse.

Definition reprinted with permission from: Gerald Monk (Editor), et al Jossey-Bass, Inc.: Narrative Therapy in Practice: The Archaeology of Hope