Definition reprinted with permission from Hood, Stephen B. (editor) available from Stuttering Foundation of America: Stuttering Words (Publication No 2: Speech Foundation of America)
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A method of psychotherapy based on the premise that neurotic behaviors involve maladaptive conditioned anxiety and that treatment requires the reinforcement of a response such as relaxation, which reciprocally inhibits the anxiety response. This procedure has been adapted to stuttering therapy utilizing reciprocal inhibition to diminish the conditioned emotional responses that disrupt fluent speech behavior.