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This represents a process initiated by the speaker to correct (or "repair") errors in language formulation an/or speech production. These errors can occur either be in the planning stage (covert repairs) or after the word or utterance has been produced (overt repairs.) (See revision.)

Definition reprinted with permission from Hood, Stephen B. (editor) available from Stuttering Foundation of America: Stuttering Words (Publication No 2: Speech Foundation of America)