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self-harming defiance

In adaptational psychodynamics, a kind of Disordered Behavior: "Here, the individual has made the false connection between being defiant and being worthwhile and strong, so he has stopped being defiant about issues but defies for the sake of defying, thinking erroneously that it is a good thing."


Adaptational Psychodynamics: Motivation and Control by Sandor Rado 1956