Definition reprinted with permission from Hood, Stephen B. (editor) available from Stuttering Foundation of America: Stuttering Words (Publication No 2: Speech Foundation of America)
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This includes a wide range of secondary or accessory behaviors performed by the stutterer in attempt to escape from a moment of stuttering. Devices used to interrupt and release, involving excessive effort, tension, changes in pitch or loudness, and escape behaviors such as head-jerks, eye-blinks, arm movements and jaw jerks, etc.