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- the systemic approach (von Bertalanffy, 1956; Goldstein, Le Moigne, de Rosnay, Morin) is distinct from the rationalist, Newtonian-Cartesian approach in that it sees very problem as a 'collection of wholes in interaction with one another'. Gestalt is a systemic approach which explores the interactions in the organism/environment field. This approach is put to further psychotherapeutic use in systemic family therapy, (Palo Alto school: Bateson, Watzlawick).

Definition excerpted with permission from Ginger, Serge International Glossary of Gestalt Psychotherapy (Seven languages including English. Order from FORGE at 183 rue Lecourbe; 75015 Paris, France) Paperback 1995.