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secondary symptoms

The abnormal actions, behaviors and positions exhibited by a stutterer in trying to escape speech difficulty. These include movements such as eye blinks, arm swinging, grimaces, head and body jerks, finger snapping, clearing the throat, and hand tapping, etc. These refer to the movements which a stutterer characteristically and abnormally uses when approaching and escaping from a feared word and when struggling to release himself from the moment of stuttering. (See accessory behaviors.)

Definition reprinted with permission from Hood, Stephen B. (editor) available from Stuttering Foundation of America: Stuttering Words (Publication No 2: Speech Foundation of America)

This term appears in