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- work with the voice is essential in Gestalt, where the way in which something is said is as important as what is said. A voice which is stifled, delivered in short bursts or without intonation may be evidence of a state of soul which is different from what the client is expressing verbally, thus providing an often fruitful path for exploration. Assertive self affirmation (genuine self-confidence, without boasting) is used in Gestalt groups.

Definition excerpted with permission from Ginger, Serge International Glossary of Gestalt Psychotherapy (Seven languages including English. Order from FORGE at 183 rue Lecourbe; 75015 Paris, France) Paperback 1995.