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A general term used to cover both kinesthesia (the awareness of bodily movement and position) and taction (the sense of touch or contact). Speech is apparently monitored both through auditory and through proprioceptive feedback. Many clinicians emphasize the need for the stutterer to monitor the speech output through proprioception: proprioceptive monitoring.

Definition reprinted with permission from Hood, Stephen B. (editor) available from Stuttering Foundation of America: Stuttering Words (Publication No 2: Speech Foundation of America)